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Kyle Schwarber Womens Jersey

in Eingewöhnung & Zähmung 12.01.2019 07:03
von qianqian98 | 201 Beiträge

WASHINGTON Joe Maddon Womens Jersey , Sept. 20 (Xinhua) -- A cocktail of two or three antibodies could be more effective than a single one in preventing HIV transmission, according to results released Wednesday from two separate monkey studies.

In a study published in the U.S. journal Science, researchers combined three broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) -- VRC01, PGDM1400 Jake Arrieta Womens Jersey , and 10E8v4 -- into a three-pronged antibody in order to mount a stronger immune response.

The so-called "trispecific" antibody, made by researchers from the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Paris-based pharmaceutical company Sanofi, works by binding to three different critical sites on HIV.

After exposing 24 monkeys to two strains of a monkey form of HIV, researchers found the majority of those receiving either PGDM1400 or VRC01 developed infection but all those receiving the triple combination were fully protected from the virus.

The three-pronged antibody was also found able to stop a greater number of HIV strains from infecting cells in the laboratory more potently than natural Anthony Rizzo Womens Jersey , single antibodies.

"Plans are under way to conduct early-phase clinical trials of the 'trispecific' antibody in healthy people and in people living with HIV in the hope that it could eventually be used for long-acting HIV prevention and treatment," the NIH said in a statement.

"By binding to three different sites on the virus, the new antibody should be harder for HIV to dodge than natural, single antibodies."

In another study published in the journal Science Translational Medicine Addison Russell Womens Jersey , researchers administered two different bNAbs to monkeys before infecting them with two strains of a monkey form of HIV.

Monkeys receiving either of the two antibodies individually all became infected, yet those with both antibodies conferred 100 percent protection.

"These data reveal that single bNAbs efficiently select resistant viruses from a diverse challenge swarm to establish infection, demonstrating the importance of bNAb cocktails for (HIV) prevention," said the study led by researchers from the Harvard University.

JOHANNESBURG Jason Heyward Womens Jersey , June 19 (Xinhua) -- The South African Competition Commission said Monday that it has referred the company Rooibos South Africa to the Competition Tribunal for monopolization of rooibos tea supply market.

Rooibos is the largest processor of rooibos tea in South Africa. In 2015, the Commission received a complaint from a processor of rooibos tea which they investigated. Their probe focused on Rooibos's monopolization of rooibos tea supply from commercial farmers, in order to foreclose its competitors in the processing level of the value chain or prevent the expansion of its rivals in the market.

The Competition Commission said Rooibos remains a dominant player in the processing of rooibos tea because they inherited the assets and the monopoly position previously occupied by the Rooibos Tea Control Board, which was established in 1954 by the previous government. The Board was responsible for regulating the marketing Ben Zobrist Womens Jersey , pricing and research in the rooibos tea industry.

"The Commission is concerned of Rooibos' ongoing anti-competitive conduct, particularly as this hampers the growth of the agro-processing industry in South Africa. Dominant firms have a special responsibility to ensure they do not stifle competition," said the Deputy Competition Commissioner, Hardin Ratshisusu.

The Commission said even though there are 220 rooibos tea commercial farmers Kris Bryant Womens Jersey ,only a limited number contribute the bulk of the total production which is supplied to rooibos tea processors. The processors buy rooibos tea in bulk from commercial farmers, dry it and sell it to local packers and export market. Some new comers in the industry were not happy with the dominance of Rooibos.

The processors used to get their supply of rooibos tea from farmers through one-year supply agreements. In 2014 Rooibos introduced exclusionary contracting strategies to lock-in or foreclose the supply of rooibos tea from farmers, thereby starving its competitors of access to a product that only grows in a small geographic region. The company entered into a long contract from 2014 to 2018.

Rooibos demanded that farmers supply half of their production to them to access its production research output. This was after the collapse of the research function undertaken by the South African Research Agricultural Council in 2014. The Competition Commission said exclusionary contracting strategies were meant to shut out commercial farmers by ensuring that they preferred Rooibos thereby affecting the competitors.

The Commission has referred the complaint to the Tribunal for adjudication and seeking an order declaring that Rooibos has contravened the Competition Act. The Competition Commission want the Tribunal to fine Rooibos an administrative penalty equal to 10 percent of its annual turnover.

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MOSCOW, June 29 (Xinhua) -- A jury at a Moscow court found all five defendants guilty of the murder of Kremlin opposition leader Boris Nemtsov Kyle Schwarber Womens Jersey , local media reported Thursday.

Nemtsov was shot dead on a bridge outside the Kremlin at about midnight on Feb. 27, 2015, when he was strolling with Ukrainian model Anna Duritskaya.

Nemtsov, who once served as Russia's deputy prime minister Javier Baez Womens Jersey , was a pro-Kiev political figure and an outspoken critic of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

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